Engagement Isn’t Everything

engagingThe contrarian in me bristles whenever any idea achieves such widespread acceptance that those who dare question it are subjected to reflexive condemnation. One idea that has gained such universal popularity in recent years is the power of engagement. Spend any time among educators, whether in person or in digital form, and you will surely hear the following sentiments passionately expressed:

  • Kids are bored because teachers’ lessons aren’t engaging.
  • Kids act out when they’re not engaged.
  • Kids cheat because the work isn’t engaging.
  • An engaged student will never give you any problems.
  • Kids hate school because they’re not engaged.

So at the risk of being ridiculed by the Engagement-is-Everything crowd, let me say that I’m skeptical.

We’re asking engagement to pull an awful lot of weight.

It’s the Wrong Word

First, let’s clear up some terminology. People who talk about engagement are often not talking about engagement. Engagement means that a student cares, that she gives a damn. Engagement ultimately comes from the learner, not the teacher. I don’t care a whit about needlepoint, and it won’t matter how much choice I’m given, how much technology gets incorporated, whether or not I get to work with my friends, how enthusiastic my needlepoint teacher is, or how much relevance she attempts to convince me needlepoint has to my life, I’m just not going to be engaged.

When some people talk about engagement, what they’re really talking about is involvement. Anita Archer, the Guru of Engagement, uses all kinds of involvement techniques that have been mislabeled engagement strategies. She keeps a brisk pace and requires a high rate of response from every student in the room. She expects attention and participation. She keeps kids on their toes. But none of those things ensure that students care about what she’s teaching; only that they’re involved. Anita Archer doesn’t do engagement. She does involvement.

The Student Owns the Learning

Perhaps that’s because Ms. Archer understands that true engagement cannot come from her. She can get students to actively participate in her vocabulary lessons, but she can’t make them care about learning the words. She can lead the horse to the very edge of the creek, but she can’t make it dip its head to drink.

The problem I have with engagement — at least, how it’s used today — is that it conveys the message that a student’s failure is his teacher’s fault.

  • It’s not a student’s fault for failing to do his job; it’s his teacher’s fault for failing to engage him.
  • It’s not a student’s fault for skipping class; it’s her professor’s fault for not making her lectures more engaging.
  • It’s not the salesman’s fault he didn’t sell anything; he just didn’t find the act of selling very engaging.
  • It’s not the teacher’s fault for showing videos all day; she just doesn’t feel engaged at work.

It’s bull.

There’s also this problem: What’s engaging for one student isn’t for another. I often see teachers on Twitter bragging about how hip they are because they incorporated fidget spinners or Pokemon Go or [insert current trendy item] into their lesson plans. But for every student who thinks a particular toy, game, or song is the greatest, there’s another who’s turned off by it.

For every student who thinks a particular toy, game, or song is the greatest, there's another who's turned off by it. Click To Tweet

The Real Secret to Success

Here’s an unfortunate truth about life:

There are things we must all do even though they are not engaging. Those of us who do these things have more success in life than those who do not.

People who create and adhere to budgets have more money. Making and sticking to budgets requires self-control. Few would argue it’s engaging.

Buying groceries is almost always an awful experience, but if you don’t do it, you end up at McDonald’s, wasting money and getting fat.

Sitting through meetings requires self-discipline, and your boss may or may not care to make those meetings engaging. You better pay attention anyway.

Doing your taxes sucks. The government makes no attempt to make the process engaging. And if you decide to not file your taxes, you won’t be able to blame the government for failing to sufficiently inspire you. Sometimes, you just have to do things.

In fact, Much of life -- pretty much everything between all the awesome, engaging parts -- is about self-discipline, the ability to stick with or do something well enough even though we dislike the task or find it boring. Click To Tweet

Not Everything Needs to Engage

I’ve got nothing against making your lessons more fun or finding ways to involve your students more. There is no question that an involved student will usually learn more than an uninvolved one. Use whatever tricks you can. You can do a whole lot worse than Anita Archer when it comes to involvement.

Nor will I try to dissuade you from creating experiences for students that give them warm fuzzies, create indelible memories, and make you the kind of teacher students remember for the rest of their lives. Go for it. That’s what makes teaching and learning fun.

But let’s stop putting so many eggs in the engagement basket. Students who learn to do what needs to be done, regardless of how they feel about it, grow up to be adults who have the self-discipline to balance their checkbooks, do the laundry, get out of bed early enough to make it to work on time, get the oil in their car changed, shop for khaki pants (just me?), and clean everything from their teeth to their dishes to their toilets.

Instead of focusing so much on engagement — an endeavor that is, at best, a crap shoot — why not teach students what self-control looks like in different situations? Why not teach students that people with self-control lead more successful lives? Why not show them how to exercise self-control through talk-alouds and modeling? Why not even intentionally teach something that’s not engaging at all and explain to kids that successful people must sometimes will themselves to complete uninspiring tasks?

We don’t do students any favors when we send the message that they must always be entertained. And we’re sending our teachers the wrong message when we imply that every problem in their classroom comes back to their inability to engage their students.

We don't do students any favors when we send the message that they must always be entertained. Click To Tweet


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12 Replies to “Engagement Isn’t Everything”

  1. Excellent points made! I believe Students’ today don’t know what to do unless they are entertained every second of the day. As a teacher, I want my students to realize not everything is fun all the time. They need to work hard and take pride in their work. They need to not distract other classmates who want to learn.

  2. Great post! I have had this on my mind the last few years. Constantly being “on stage” can be exhausting! I try to make sure that my students understand that everything is not going to be fun. Sometimes we just have to buckle down and get stuff done, no matter how tedious.
    Thank you for all of your encouraging and spirit boosting posts.

  3. We just had parent teacher conferences where students (gr 4) lead their conferences. I told my students that! Sometimes it might not be your favorite genre or thing to do, but you still have to do it and you still have to try to do it well. It’s gonna happen in life!

    My coteacher and I do this during the school day as well. There are some things you have to learn and you have to trust your teachers that we’re doing this because it’s so you can do well in the next years to come.

    Great post! Thank you! Self discipline and self control.

  4. I paid attention to the whole article, not because I had to but because I wanted to. You had me engaged and I often find ithat difficult
    Great article. 👍

  5. In this ‘entitlement generation’, the parents of these children seem to convey to them that being good will earn them a reward. Attending school is a privilege that we have in the United States of America. You can be educated for free. WOW. What a great opportunity, privilege! If you want to have a happy, healthy life.. we all have jobs. Your job is to go to school and do your best, because when you finish you have to gets job and EARN a liveable wage. You are in charge of your destiny!! If you want great things in your future.. work hard to EARN them. If you have grown up poor, an education can get you out of poverty so you can help your family to EARN more. Long story short.. it’s up to YOU..and your family, to instill the value of learning and EARNing. So back to engagement. It starts at home. Set your boundaries on your child early. They should know your ideals by heart. Coming to school having been taught self-control, how to stay within their boundaries, and how to value respect… that is what make the best students. More parental involvement, less teacher babysitting. When we all value our roles, we all get great results.

  6. This is exactly what I’ve been thinking for the past 5-6 years! How can it be one person’s responsibility to engage a class of 32 students all period every day? Thank you for acknowledging the difference between engagement and involvement and placing the responsibility for learning on the student.

  7. This is absolutely true! I’ve always told my students that there are things in life you just have to do-whether you like it or not. I’m the kid who loved going to the library but hated PE because athletics was not my “thing.” So does that mean the PE teacher was a failure and the librarian was “engaging?” Of course not! We all have different likes/dislikes but, like Murphy said, you just have to do certain tasks in life that you may not find so “engaging.” I definitely agree that students should not feel like we are there to entertain them all day. I tell them that it is their job to learn how to be in charge of themselves-and not always need someone to tell them what to do.

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